The end of the Cold war and Union for Economical Support marks the point of transition for most of the satellite republics from totalitarian economy habits of spending, to the struggle with advanced 90’s capitalism. In these circumstances, huge gaps open for the production market, leaving plutocracy – rule of a wealthy minority – to grow undisturbed in societies which are completely unaware of the capitalistic lust for money.
At the same time, on a political level in countries with bigger geopolitical importance, like Bulgaria and Romania, the former Communist Parties are doing everything possible to keep the power, making transformations into so-called “Socialist” parties, and changing the public figures one by one to gain the people’s trust. In the shadows of this transition wild mafia mobs are running the streets with the support of former State Security Agencies and use their support to build up shady structures to gain capital fast. In the example of the Czech Republic, where private property was allowed on the level of services – bars, farms, free professions and etc., the case in most of the South-Eastern European countries is on the opposite side of the bar of economic rights.
Twenty four years after the fall of communism, the people of Bulgaria are on the streets again. The huge capital gained throughout the nineties transformed the mobs into heavy businessmen, and with the political advice of the former State Security they started controlling the media, the market and the social life of the country. The people have been made to suffer through the monopoly gained by a small elite over electricity companies, with demonstrations initiated in February this year.
The first wave of protests made the impossible happen – the GERB leader and Prime Minister Boiko Borisov, a former and current mobster, was forced to resign from the government, leading the country into another political crisis. In the May elections there was no real winner; though GERB were ahead, BSP and MFR (Movement for Freedom and Rights) made a coalition. MFR itself is an ethnic party of the Bulgarian Turks, which is sponsored by the Russians and on their side, MFR sponsors “Ataka” (an ultra-nationalist party, arguably a necessary evil for the MFR to exist).
So the forty second parliament was created, with Plamen Oresharski as Prime Minister. He was known as a dissident in the early 90’s, but later on joined the BSP. Relying on the coalition’s undisputed majority in the parliament, he assigned Delyan Peevski as a head of the National security agency. Peevski’s appointment has sparked mass protests across Bulgaria, as the people argue that his appointment highlights the endemic corruption across the political system and a lack of transparency.
Peevski is a deputy from the MFR and child of the old nomenclature. He owns a TV station, is on the board of some banks and was the youngest person ever on a parliamentary post. He was sued for misuse of state money and was sentence not guilty. His connection to the Mafia is widely known, – he himself does little to hide it. On the 13th of June when the decision was taken, “Ataka” leader Volen Siderov made the biggest mistake in his so far controversial career. He made the quorum for the parliament. His voice was enough to make the whole trust in his political formation and the government to fall in an endless wave of protests.
Over a month later and the people are still on the streets. This time, Leo Daskalov – a protester says, “it’s different. We don’t want them anymore”. He goes on:
“The problem is that Bulgarian politicians are in the status of inspiration. Inspiration in stupidity which evolves to levels never seen before.”
Meanwhile, “Ataka” leader Volen Siderov is employing a destructive way to the end of his political career. His electorate is restless, because one of the main points in his campaign was the total denial of the MFR. Many protesters go every day to the central of MFR on daily bases and shout: “Volen come outside.”.
Otherwise the protests are the most peaceful so far in Bulgaria. There are no fights with the police. The people are completely aware that the police officers are on their side and as a sign of gratitude bring them flowers and water. The police are cooperating with the protesters, who are afraid of being subject to the deliberate provocations that occurred on the protests earlier in February. The people are making a circle and a buffer zone around any of the groups they suspect to be provocateurs.
The main issue still persists. The government, presented by Oresharski continue on in ignorance to the protests. One deputy from BSP could even afford the political luxury to call the protesters “internet lumpens” due to the fact that they are mostly organizing themselves on Facebook.
Volen Siderov organizes counter protests with a clique of around hundred paid supporters. The police have his political central guarded at a time when he is threatening civil war throughout the media.
The political structures in the country are being changed. Last Friday President Rossen Plevenliev held a speech, in which he stated his support for the protestors, and his view that that he wasn’t entirely opposed to the notion of holding another election. He was met with applause by the protestors in front of the presidential palace the next evening.
During these events, there remains a strange feeling of insecurity about the situation, because of the lack of political alternative. Revolutions do move people. The one in 1848 moved the financial elite and made them reconsider their tactics with the modern society. In an outbreak of greed they made one of the biggest mistakes, giving the people the power to communicate between each other and organize themselves. Currently the civil unrest in Bulgaria is mostly organized on Facebook and mouth to mouth. Unfortunately, the civil unrest is not enough to change the status quo of political indifference all over the world. But it is at least, a step forward.